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Table 1 Socio-demographic and economic characteristics among the elderly at North Shoa Zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia, 2020 (n = 822)

From: Geriatric depression and quality of life in North Shoa Zone, Oromia region: a community cross-sectional study

Variables Number of respondents Percent
Age
 60–69 265 32.2
 70–79 303 36.9
 80–89 198 24.1
 ≥ 90 56 6.8
Sex
 Male 422 51.3
 Female 400 48.7
Marital status
 Single 164 20.0
 Married 309 37.6
 Widowed 228 27.7
 Divorced 121 14.7
Educational status
 No formal education 578 70.3
 Literate/formal education 244 29.7
Number of children
 No children 190 23.2
 One child 80 9.7
 Two children 158 19.2
 Three and above 394 47.9
Source of income
 Retirement 34 4.1
 Helped by family 148 18.0
 Farmer 244 29.7
 Merchant 42 5.1
 No income 354 43.1
Place of residence
 Urban 232 28.2
 Rural 590 71.8
Traveling the distance to receive health care
 ≤ 5 km 676 82.2
 > 5 km 146 17.8
Living status
 Alone 380 46.2
 With a married child 256 31.2
 With spouse 94 11.4
 With spouse and child 92 11.2
Social support environment available
 No 550 66.9
 Yes 272 33.1
Co-morbidity/chronic disease
 No 608 74.0
 Yes 214 26.0
Current substance use
 Alcohol 318 38.7
 Chewing khat 6 0.7
 Tobacco 42 5.1
 Coffee/caffeine 126 15.3
 No current substance use 330 40.2