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Examining the possibility of an acquired deficit in audiovisual temporal perception for speech and musical events

Background

Multisensory interactions between audiovisual-speech inputs have primarily been investigated in healthy participants with only a limited number of studies identifying patients with a disruption of audiovisual perception as a consequence of other neurological deficits. A specific disruption of audiovisual speech integration has, in fact, never been reported until recently by [1]. They described patient AWF who experienced a temporal mismatch in audiovisual speech in the absence of any language/sensory impairment. Similarly, patient RW reported perceiving auditory-speech as occurring earlier in time than the corresponding visual-speech. Initial testing revealed that RW indeed appeared to have a problematic temporal percept of audiovisual speech. Methodological problems, however, led to the inconclusiveness of these results.

Materials and methods

In the present experiments, video clips with auditory/visual delays of ±300, ±200, ±133, ±66, and 0ms were presented to RW. RW had to decide on each trial whether the auditory- or visual-signal appeared to have been presented first. The video clips consisted of: a female British-English speaker uttering /aba/ and /aga/ and the bird's-eye views of a female's fingers playing the piano notes ‘c’ and ‘f’. All video clips were 800ms long.

Results

Analysis of RW's data revealed the absence of any impairment in the temporal perception for either speech or nonspeech events. Specifically, RW's sensitivity to the asynchrony present in speech and music was 67ms and 70ms, respectively. These values are similar to those previously obtained for healthy participants [2]. Comparison of RW's data with controls revealed no differences [F<1, n.s.], with control participants' sensitivity to asynchrony in speech and music being equal to 66ms and 76ms, respectively.

Conclusions

The methodological problems of previous testing could have led to RW being misdiagnosed. However, well-controlled experimentation revealed that RW's temporal percept was within the temporal limits of normal participants.

References

  1. 1.

    Hamilton R. H., Shenton J. T., Branch-Coslett H.: An acquired deficit of audiovisual speech processing. Brain & Language. 2006, 98: 66-73. 10.1016/j.bandl.2006.02.001.

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    Vatakis A., Spence C.: Audiovisual synchrony perception for music, speech, and object actions. Brain Research. 2006, 1111: 134-142. 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.05.078.

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Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Dr. Foxton and Dr. Spence for their help. A. V. was supported by a Newton Abraham Studentship from the Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford.

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Correspondence to Argiro Vatakis.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Vatakis, A. Examining the possibility of an acquired deficit in audiovisual temporal perception for speech and musical events. Ann Gen Psychiatry 7, S137 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S137

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Keywords

  • Neurological Deficit
  • Video Clip
  • Control Participant
  • Initial Testing
  • Methodological Problem