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  • Open Access

The visual and reading disturbances of aphasic Greek population (a factor analysis)

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3 and
  • 4
Annals of General Psychiatry20087 (Suppl 1) :S197

  • Published:


  • Aphasia
  • Language Skill
  • Visual Discrimination
  • Greek Population
  • Greek Language


Purpose of the present study was to record the visual and reading disturbance that occurs in adult's aphasia for the Greek population. This record was made by the use of the Minnesota test for the differential diagnosis of aphasia (M.T.D.D.A) which was originally created by Hildred Schuell in 1946 [1] and was later revised in 1972 by Jenkins, Jimenes-Pabon, Shaw and Sefer [2] and preliminary standardized for the Greek language by Arampatzi and Tafiadis (2005) [3].

Materials and methods

The battery is used as diagnostic scale for the differential diagnosis of adult aphasia and measures the language skills in the aphasic population. The second part is specialized to track the visual and reading disturbances (the visual discrimination of patterns, visual comprehension, visual involvement, reduction of reading vocabulary, and verbal retention spam), and was administered to 45 aphasic participants recruited from Greek health settings, aged 37 - 83 years. All the aphasic subjects had their visual examination normal.


Statistical analysis of the data revealed that the results obtained are generally consistent with the results reported in other countries. No statistically significant differences were found between the results obtained for the Greek population and the results reported in the USA population in all visual subtests.


The battery appears to be sensitive to adult aphasic symptomatology for the visual disturbances in the Greek population and presents satisfactory criterion among the types of aphasia, as the aphasic participants assessed demonstrated clear patterns of deficit.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Speech Language Therapy, Technological Institute of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
Speech and Language Rehabilitation Center, Larisa, Greece
Department of primary education, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
Department of Mathematics, University of Patras, Patras, Greece


  1. Schuell H, Jenkins JJ, Jimenes-Pabon E: Aphasia in adults: Diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. 1964, New York: Harper and RowGoogle Scholar
  2. Jenkins JJ, Jimenes-Pabon E, Shaw ER, Sefer W: Schuell's aphasia in adults: Diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. 1975, New York: Harper and RowGoogle Scholar
  3. Tafiadis D: Preliminary standardization of the Minnesota test for differential diagnosis of adult aphasia in the Greek population. Annals of General Psychiatry. 2006, 5 (Suppl 1): S183-10.1186/1744-859X-5-S1-S183.View ArticleGoogle Scholar


© Tafiadis et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.