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Association study between late onset Alzheimer's disease and genes implicated in the Aβ metabolism in Mexican patients

  • Carlos Venegas1,
  • Nayeli Najera1,
  • Francisco Mena1,
  • Luis M Gutierrez2,
  • Alejandro Fuentes2,
  • Malaquias Lopez3 and
  • Susana Kofman1
Annals of General Psychiatry20087(Suppl 1):S259

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S259

Published: 17 April 2008

Keywords

PlasminogenAlzheimer DiseaseNeurofibrillary TangleGenetic Risk FactorPromoter Polymorphism

Background

Alzheimer Disease (AD) is clinically characterized by global, progressive and irreversible loss of mental faculties. Neuropathologically is characterized by neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques; composed mainly by Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). Generation, aggregation and degradation of Aβ represent three important steps to be considered in the study of the pathological mechanisms implicated in AD. Several genes have been suggested as implicated in each of these processes: Beta-site amyloid-precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE) in generating, Apolipoprotein E (APOE) in aggregation, and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (PLAU), involved in degradation; have been exhaustively documented [1]. This is the first study in Mexican population that analyzes genetic risk factors related to AD.

Materials and methods

A case-control study was design to evaluate the possible association between candidate genes involved in these three processes with AD. Data collection was performed from 49 patients with AD and 50 controls. We analyzed alleles and genotype distributions for APOE (ε2/ε3/ε4), 2 APOE promoter polymorphisms −219 G/T and −491 T/A, 1SNP located in exon 5 of the BACE-1 gene (G/C), and one (C/T) polymorphism in exon 6 of the PLAU gene.

Results

We found different allele and genotype frequencies for all SNPs analyzed between cases and controls with exception for −491 T/A. Association was found for the APOE ε4 allele (OR =2.42), −219 TT genotype (OR =1.77), CC genotype of BACE-1 (OR =1.88) and TT genotype of PLAU (OR =2.10).

Conclusions

These data suggest a genetic association between APOE (ε4),−219TT, BACE-1 (CC), and PLAU (TT) genotypes with AD in Mexican population.

Declarations

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by CONACyT (2004-C01-129) and Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mιxico (SDEI. PTID.05.5)

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Servicio de Genetica, Hospital General de Mexico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, DF
(2)
Servicio de Geriatria, Instituto Nacional de la Nutricion y Ciencias Medicas, Mexico, DF
(3)
Secretaria de Ensenanza Clinica Internado y Servicio Social, Facultad de Medicina Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, DF

References

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Copyright

© Venegas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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