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  • Oral presentation
  • Open Access

The real impact of affective temperaments: new perspectives from Argentina

  • 1
Annals of General Psychiatry20087 (Suppl 1) :S61

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S61

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Family History
  • Normal Control
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Direct Impact
  • Degree Relative

Background

We have examined the prevalence of affective temperaments between clinically unaffected relatives of bipolar patients and investigated the impact of these “subaffective” forms on their quality of life (QoL) in seven sites across Argentina.

Material and methods

We administered the scales TEMPS-A Buenos Aires [1] and Quality of Life Index-Spanish version, to a sample of non-ill first degree relatives of bipolar disorder patients (“cases”) and controls without family history of affective illness.

Results

Mean scores on all TEMPS-A subscales were significantly higher in cases, except for hyperthymia. The prevalence of affective temperaments, according to Argentinean cut-off points [2], was also higher, with statistical signification for cyclothymic and anxious temperaments. Regarding QoL, we have found an affectation of QoL domains for all temperaments, except hyperthymia. Both findings support the concept of a spectrum of subthreshold affective traits or temperaments in bipolar pedigrees [3].

Discussion

Our study confirms that healthy relatives of bipolar probands exhibit a higher degree of temperamental dysregulation than normal controls and demonstrates that affective temperaments can serve as an endophenotype for bipolar disorder [4] as judged by the fact that “clinically well” relatives show these traits at a statistically significantly higher than appropiately chosen controls.

In this study we go beyond these considerations to test the hyphotesis that the “well relatives” of bipolar probands not only exhibit such traits, but could also show some impairment as a result of a temperamental foundation. Our results support the idea that predominant temperaments have a direct impact on their quality of life (QoL).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Neuroscience, University of Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina

References

  1. Vázquez GH, Akiskal HS: The temperament evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego autoquestionnaire, Argentine version (TEMPS-A Buenos Aires). Vertex, Rev Arg Psiquiatria. 2005, 16: 89-94.Google Scholar
  2. Vázquez GH, Nasetta S, Mercado B, Romero E, Tifner S, Ramón Mdel L, Garelli V, Bonifacio A, Akiskal KK, Akiskal HS: Validation of the TEMPS-A Buenos Aires: Spanish psychometric validation of affective temperaments in a population study of Argentina. J Affect Disord. 2007, 100: 23-29. 10.1016/j.jad.2006.11.028.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Akiskal HS, Pinto O: The evolving bipolar spectrum: protoypes I, II, III, IV. Psychiatr. Clin. North Am. 1999, 22: 517-534. 10.1016/S0193-953X(05)70093-9.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gonda X, Rihmer Z, Zsombok T: 5HTTLPR polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene is associated with affective temperaments as measured by TEMPS-A. J Affect Disord. 2006, 91: 125-31. 10.1016/j.jad.2005.12.048.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

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