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Job burnout and self-efficacy survey among elementary school teachers in Greece

  • Maria-Christina Tzioti1,
  • Eleftheria Mantelou1,
  • Nick E Degleris1,
  • Andreas Solias1,
  • Manto Karamberi1 and
  • Niki Romanou1
Annals of General Psychiatry20109(Suppl 1):S192

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-9-S1-S192

Published: 22 April 2010

Keywords

Public HealthDemographic CharacteristicElementary SchoolSchool TeacherEmotional Exhaustion

Background

Emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced professional efficacy within the workplace are the three dimensions of the job burnout syndrome. In this study, we examined the levels of job burnout in a sample of 100 teachers of elementary education. Also, we sought to identify the relationship between job burnout and general self-efficacy, teachers' self-efficacy and group self-efficacy. Moreover, we looked into the relationship between job burnout and the three types of self-efficacy with teachers' perceptions of particular work-related values. Job burnout dimensions and self-efficacy are also studied in relation to teachers' demographic characteristics.

Materials and methods

Job burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Educators Survey) [1]. Self-efficacy was measured with the Shwarzer and Jerusalem's [2] questionnaire. The work values questionnaire was makeshift and answers were given on a 6-point scale.

Results

Female teachers presented higher levels of job burnout, whereas teachers over 50 years old presented higher levels of self-efficacy than those between 31-40 years old. The three types of self-efficacy were negatively correlated with the three job burnout dimensions.

Conclusions

In particular, this research stresses the importance of the relationship between group self-efficacy and job burnout. What is more, job burnout seems to have an impact on people's perceptions about their occupation. Moreover, it would be interesting to study the relationship between self-efficacy and job burnout in other professional groups as well.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Psychotherapeutic Center of Piraeus, Greece

References

  1. Maslach C, Jackson SE, Leiter MP: Maslach Burnout Inventory. Manual. 1996, Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 3Google Scholar
  2. Schwarzer R: Measurement of perceived self-efficacy. Psychometric scales for cross-cultural research. 1993, Berlin, Germany: Freie Univesität BerlinGoogle Scholar
  3. Bandura A: Self- efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review. 1977, 84: 191-215. 10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bandura A, Cervone D: Self- evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational effects of goal systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1983, 45: 1017-1028. 10.1037/0022-3514.45.5.1017.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Tzioti et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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