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Running the hypothesis of a bio molecular approach to psychiatric disorder characterization and fatty acids therapeutical choices

Beyond the conviction that Major Depression can found its origin in genetics [13] a bio molecular mechanism could be hypothesized from what emerged from the studies on platelets fatty acid composition in human (normal and depressive subjects) which allowed classifying the depressive disorder [4] using an Artificial Neural Network (Self Organizing Map-SOM) [5], as mathematical tool, because of the complexity of the membrane dynamics.

Rapid changes in membrane lipid composition or in the cytoskeleton could modify neuronal signalling. In the knowledge to have found something that could have implications in the understanding of some aspects of psychiatric disorders and a very suggestive hypothesis was build as summarized in Figure 1. In figure 1 is described the molecular depression hypothesis made according to Cocchi and collegues [4], Donati and collegues [6], Hameroff and Penrose [7]. The membrane viscosity can modify the Gsα protein status. The Gsα protein is connected with Tubulin. Tubulin, depending on local membrane lipid fase concentration, may serve as a positive or negative regulator of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolysis, such as Gsα protein does. Tubulin is known to form high-affinity complexes with certain G proteins. The formation of such complexes allows tubulin to activate Gsα, which, in turn, can activate the Protein Kinase C and fosters a system whereby elements of the cytoskeleton can influence G-protein signalling. Rapid changes in membrane lipid composition or in the cytoskeleton might modify neuronal signalling. We have hypothesized that through this mechanism is possible to modify the consciousness state and that it is mesurable through gamma syncrony EEG.

Figure 1
figure1

The molecular depression hypothesis.

There are strong reasons to think that each fatty acid combination of Palmitic Acid (PA), Linoleic Acid (LA) and Arachidonic Acid (AA), in platelet, is responsible of the membrane viscosity and, therefore, of the molecular conditioning of the cellular stuctures (Gsα and Tubulin) and that the main therapeutic target is the reduction of the Arachidonic Acid.

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Correspondence to Massimo Cocchi.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Cocchi, M., Tonello, L. Running the hypothesis of a bio molecular approach to psychiatric disorder characterization and fatty acids therapeutical choices. Ann Gen Psychiatry 9, S26 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-9-S1-S26

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Keywords

  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Protein Status
  • Neuronal Signalling
  • Therapeutical Choice
  • Membrane Dynamic