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Retraction Note: Sacred psychiatry in ancient Greece

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The original article was published in Annals of General Psychiatry 2014 13:11


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This article [1] has been retracted by the authors due to overlap in text with a number of publications, most notably those by Kirmayer, Milns, Crivellato and Ribatti, Ntafoulis et al., Kaufman, Fornaro et al., and Simon [2]-[8].


  1. 1.

    Tzeferakos G, Douzenis A: Sacred psychiatry in ancient Greece. Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2014, 13: 11-10.1186/1744-859X-13-11.

  2. 2.

    Kirmayer LJ: Asklepian dreams: the ethos of the wounded-healer in the clinical encounter. Transcult Psychiatry. 2003, 40 (2): 248-277. 10.1177/1363461503402007.

  3. 3.

    Milns RD: Squibb academic lecture: attitudes towards mental illness in antiquity. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1986, 20 (4): 454-462. 10.3109/00048678609158898.

  4. 4.

    Crivellato E, Ribatti D: Soul, mind, brain: Greek philosophy and the birth of neuroscience. Brain Res Bull. 2007, 71 (4): 327-336. 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2006.09.020.

  5. 5.

    Ntafoulis P, Gourzis P, Trompoukis C: Melampous: a psychiatrist before psychiatry. Hist Psychiatry. 2008, 19 (2): 242-246. 10.1177/0957154X07078704.

  6. 6.

    Kaufman MR: The Greeks had some words for it. Early Greek concepts on mind and ?insanity?. Psychiatr Q. 1966, 40 (1): 1-33. 10.1007/BF01562740.

  7. 7.

    Fornaro M, Clementi N, Fornaro P: Medicine and psychiatry in Western culture: Ancient Greek myths and modern prejudices. Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2009, 8: 21-10.1186/1744-859X-8-21.

  8. 8.

    Simon B: Mind and Madness in Classical Antiquity. History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology. Edited by: Wallace ER, Gach J. 2008, Springer, New York, 175-197. 10.1007/978-0-387-34708-0_3.

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Correspondence to Georgios Tzeferakos.

Additional information

The online version of the original article can be found at 10.1186/1744-859X-13-11

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Tzeferakos, G., Douzenis, A. Retraction Note: Sacred psychiatry in ancient Greece. Ann Gen Psychiatry 13, 30 (2014) doi:10.1186/s12991-014-0030-2

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