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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls

From: Disability assessment as an outcome measure: a comparative study of Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia and healthy control

Variables Schizophrenia (n = 100) Healthy controls (n = 100) Test of statistical difference
X 2/t value df p value
Mean
 Age (years ± SD) 39.53 (9.295) 39.47 (9.419) 0.045 198 0.900
Sex
 Male 52 52 0.000 1 1.000
 Female 48 48    
Educational level
 Primary 20 20 0.000 3 1.000
 Secondary 47 47    
 Non-university tertiary 17 17    
 University tertiary 16 16    
Marital status
 Single 52 25 32.31 2 <0.001
 Married 26 66    
 Separated/divorced/ 22 9    
 Widowed      
Religion
 Christianity 78 70 1.663 1 0.259
 Islam 22 30    
Employment status
 Employed 63 92 24.115 1 <0.001
 Unemployed 37 8    
Income per montha
 <$33 20 0 54.207 3 <0.001
 $33–$66.7 15 4    
 $66.8–$333.3 22 74    
 ≥$333.3 6 14    
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aSchizophrenia (n = 63), healthy controls (n = 92)